Ada ‘Sisi Gelap’ di Balik Mesranya Arab Saudi-China

MUSTANIR.net – China semakin memperkuat posisinya di mata internasional dalam beberapa tahun terakhir. Hubungan yang dekat dijalin dengan berbagai negara, termasuk di Timur Tengah.

Awal April lalu, China untuk pertama kalinya menyelesaikan transaksi pembelian Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) menggunakan mata uang yuan dengan Uni Emirat Arab. Kedekatan juga dijalin dengan Arab Saudi yang mempunyai proyek-proyek ambisius.

Putra Mahkota dan pemimpin de facto, Mohammed bin Salman (MBS) memiliki visi memodernisasi Arab Saudi dan lepas dari ketergantungan minyak mentah. Salah satu proyek yang China terlibat di dalamnya yakni kota di tengah gurun yang diberi nama NEOM, dibangun di wilayah seluas 26.500 kilometer persegi.

NEOM disebut akan mewujudkan semua yang dulu hanya imajinasi. Akan ada pantai yang menyala dalam gelap, kepala pelayan robot, hingga taksi terbang.

Kota ini akan menjadi rumah untuk pengembangan sains dan teknologi masa depan di 16 sektor yaitu energi, air, mobilitas, biotek, makanan, manufaktur, media, hiburan, teknologi dan digital, pariwisata, olahraga, desain kan konstruksi, pelayanan, kesehatan, pendidikan dan kualitas hidup. Namun, di balik kemegahan dan teknologi futuristik yang digemborkan tersebut ada beberapa ‘sisi gelap’ terutama terkait dengan teknologi.

Seperti diketahui MBS kini semakin dekat dengan Presiden China Xi Jinping. MBS bahkan sudah sepakat dengan Xi, China akan memberikan teknologi pengawasan yang powerful.

Marwa Fatafta, policy manager di organisasi advokat hak digital di Berlin, memperingatkan visi futuristik dan mewah NEOM tersebut menutupi sisi proyek yang lebih gelap, sejalan dengan naluri otoriter MBS. “Kemampuan kota pintar (NEOM) bukan hanya daya tarik futuristik, tetapi dapat digunakan sebagai alat untuk pengawasan invasif oleh dinas keamanan negara,” kata Fatatfa, melansir Business Insider (23/4/2023).

China saat ini sudah menyediakan teknologi pengawasan untuk menciptakan apa yang disebut ‘kota aman’ di Mesir dan Serbia. MBS dikatakan ini menerapkan hal tersebut di NEOM dengan skala yang lebih besar.

James Shires, peneliti dari London’s Chatham House mengatakan salah satu bentuk teknologi tersebut adalah kamera pengintai yang terhubung dengan teknologi pengenalan wajah, dan dapat digunakan untuk melacak pergerakan seseorang di masa lalu hingga real time. “Ini merupakan risiko nyata terhadap privasi orang, terutama tergantung pada bagaimana data dikumpulkan dan disimpan,” kata Shires.

Teknologi dari China tersebut mampu menghubungkan rekaman kamera pengintai ke kumpulan data lain tentang seseorang, termasuk informasi biometrik. NEOM juga memiliki ‘sisi gelap’ lainnya.

Dalam laporan BBC, sejak konstruksi proyek NEOM dimulai, warga lokal dari suku Huwaitat ‘dihabisi’. Tercatat ada 20.000 orang dari suku Huwaitat dipindahkan paksa untuk memulai pembangunan kota yang memiliki tujuan ‘mengutamakan manusia’ itu.

Mereka disebut telah ditangkap, dilecehkan, dan diculik oleh pihak keamanan setelah memprotes proyek pembangunan.Kasus paling fenomenal menimpa kepala suku Huwaitat, Abdul Rahum al-Huwaiti.

Mengutip al-Jazeera, Abdul sebelumnya mewakili sukunya dan sangat vokal menyuarakan kritik terhadap pihak kerajaan di akun YoutTube sejak April 2020.
Namun tak lama setelah itu, tulis BBC, kediaman Abdul Rahim disantroni dan diawasi pihak keamanan. Hingga akhirnya dia ditembak mati di kediamannya tanpa alasan jelas.

Kepolisian Saudi mengklaim kematiannya itu disebabkan karena upaya berontak yang dilakukan al-Huwaiti, yang ingin menembak lebih dulu. Namun, istrinya menolak pernyataan polisi.

Tak hanya itu, mengutip laporan lembaga Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM) Arab Saudi, ALQST, ada tiga orang lain yang dibantai oleh pihak kerajaan. Mereka adalah Shadli al-Huwaiti, Ibrahim al-Huwaiti, dan Ataullah al-Huwaiti.

Seluruhnya tewas di tangan keamanan. Dalam laporan lembaga itu, mereka dijatuhi hukuman mati.

Bahkan sepanjang 2022, ALQST mencatat sudah ada 122 orang yang dieksekusi karena mengganggu jalannya proyek ini. Dan, ini hanya gunung es sebab masih ada penindasan selain hukuman mati. []

Sumber: Putu Agus Pransuamitra

About Author

44 thoughts on “Ada ‘Sisi Gelap’ di Balik Mesranya Arab Saudi-China

  1. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll be sure to bookmark it and return to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I will certainly return.

  2. Gdy zapomnisz hasła do zablokowania ekranu, jeśli nie wprowadzisz prawidłowego hasła, odblokowanie i uzyskanie dostępu będzie trudne. Jeśli okaże się, że Twój chłopak / dziewczyna jest podejrzana, być może pomyślałeś o włamaniu się do jego telefonu Samsung, aby uzyskać więcej dowodów. Tutaj zapewnimy Ci najlepsze rozwiązanie, jak złamać hasło telefonu komórkowego Samsung.

  3. Hey! Quick question that’s totally off topic. Do you know how to make your site mobile friendly? My website looks weird when browsing from my iphone4. I’m trying to find a template or plugin that might be able to fix this problem. If you have any recommendations, please share. Appreciate it!

  4. I conceive this internet site has some very superb info for everyone. “There is nothing so disagreeable, that a patient mind cannot find some solace for it.” by Lucius Annaeus Seneca.

  5. Hey There. I found your blog using msn. This is a very well written article. I’ll make sure to bookmark it and come back to read more of your useful info. Thanks for the post. I’ll definitely return.

  6. You can definitely see your skills within the paintings you write. The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who aren’t afraid to say how they believe. Always follow your heart.

  7. Fantastic items from you, man. I have take into accout your stuff prior to and you are just too magnificent. I actually like what you’ve acquired right here, really like what you’re stating and the way in which during which you assert it. You’re making it entertaining and you still care for to stay it wise. I cant wait to learn far more from you. This is actually a terrific site.

  8. Whats Going down i’m new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It positively useful and it has helped me out loads. I am hoping to give a contribution & help other users like its aided me. Good job.

  9. Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your website is so cool. I am impressed by the details that you have on this website. It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched everywhere and just could not come across. What an ideal web-site.

  10. What Is Potent Stream? Potent Stream is a male health formula that helps to maintain healthy urinary and prostate health by killing off all the toxins in the body

  11. Generally I don’t learn article on blogs, but I would like to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and do so! Your writing taste has been surprised me. Thank you, quite great post.

  12. What’s Happening i am new to this, I stumbled upon this I have discovered It positively helpful and it has helped me out loads. I’m hoping to give a contribution & assist other customers like its aided me. Good job.

  13. Wonderful paintings! That is the type of information that are meant to be shared around the net. Shame on Google for not positioning this post upper! Come on over and visit my site . Thanks =)

  14. Hiya, I am really glad I have found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish only about gossips and web and this is really frustrating. A good blog with exciting content, this is what I need. Thanks for keeping this site, I will be visiting it. Do you do newsletters? Can’t find it.

  15. Hey! This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I really enjoy reading your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects? Thanks for your time!

  16. This is really interesting, You are an excessively professional blogger. I have joined your rss feed and stay up for looking for extra of your magnificent post. Additionally, I have shared your site in my social networks!

  17. Great V I should certainly pronounce, impressed with your web site. I had no trouble navigating through all tabs as well as related info ended up being truly simple to do to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all. Reasonably unusual. Is likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or something, website theme . a tones way for your customer to communicate. Excellent task..

  18. Heya! I’m at work browsing your blog from my new iphone! Just wanted to say I love reading your blog and look forward to all your posts! Keep up the fantastic work!

  19. I’m not that much of a internet reader to be honest but your blogs really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back in the future. Cheers

  20. Please let me know if you’re looking for a article author for your site. You have some really good posts and I believe I would be a good asset. If you ever want to take some of the load off, I’d love to write some content for your blog in exchange for a link back to mine. Please send me an email if interested. Thanks!

  21. Excellent read, I just passed this onto a colleague who was doing a little research on that. And he just bought me lunch as I found it for him smile Therefore let me rephrase that: Thanks for lunch! “One who’s our friend is fond of us one who’s fond of us isn’t necessarily our friend.” by Geoffrey F. Albert.

  22. Wow that was unusual. I just wrote an really long comment but after I clicked submit my comment didn’t show up. Grrrr… well I’m not writing all that over again. Anyhow, just wanted to say superb blog!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Categories